Black People Made That! Intellectual Property and US Patents

Black People Made That! Intellectual Property and US Patents


(music) (mumbling) – Girl, what? – Does today feel weird to you? – Yeah, when I woke up
I didn’t have a bed. My mattress was just like on the floor. – Me too. We used to have beds right? – Right. – Wait, why are you folding wet clothes? – I don’t know, there’s no dryer. (car crash) – [Girl] We can’t shift gears. – Oh no! It’s a day without black inventions. – Okay, that’s enough You get it, we get it – Black people invented stuff. End of episode? – No, there’s more to it. – Like what? – Slavery (music) – Okay, explain. – Here’s the thing, Evie poo. – Don’t call me that – It’s all about the benjamins – Money? – Right, sure, that’s what I meant. Money, as in we couldn’t
make any for 250 years and I’m not talking about picking cotton. – Thank God. – I’m talking about not
owning our intellect. See black people being equal
to white people in every way. – Preach – Didn’t lose their intellect just because they were in bondage. We were inventing solutions
to every day problems but the one problem black
people couldn’t solve was the discrimination
that made it impossible for them to patent and
profit off their inventions. Take for instance Ned. Ned was a slave in Mississippi – Oh God, poor Ned – But he found a way to make
his cotton picking easier – I thought you said no cotton picking. In 1857, Ned invented a very
effective new cotton scraper. – Go Ned! – So his Master, Oscar
Stewart, decided to patent it. – What? He didn’t invent anything. – Exactly, so the patent office said nope. – Good – But was it though? Because Oscar just started
selling it without a patent. – No he didn’t. – He sure did. And he got away with it by
making sure that every ad said clearly that it was
his slave, Ned’s, invention. – Well, that’s something I guess? – Wait, I’m not done. The ad also said that Ned’s invention proved that slavery was
good for black people and does not, as the abolitionists said, dwarf the mind of the negro. – Well, this negro is about to dwarf him. – Pre black people were
inventing things all the time. – That’s right! – Like Henry Boyd, he was
born into slavery in 1802 and he purchased his freedom in 1826. – I am so proud of him. – Me too. He was a carpenter and
he invented a corded bed with wooden rails connected to
a headboard and a footboard. – And he was free so, ka-ching? – No because he was still ka-black. He knew that his patent
would likely be rejected and his invention might be stolen. So he decided to partner
with a white craftsman and have him apply for the patent. – That’s only half the benjamins. – Messed up, but partnering
with the white guy also made it possible for him to have a company with
black and white employees. By law, free black people
could not employ white people and since there weren’t
many free blacks to employ, it was almost impossible
to build your business without owning slaves which no, no way. – Yikes, okay so, do you
have any good stories? – No, not really – Well, I do. Meet Benjamin Montgomery. – Oh tell us about the Benjamin. – Wait, was that was you meant? Nevermind. So, Benjamin was a slave in Mississippi, and in the 1850’s he invented
a steam boat propeller especially designed for shallow water. – Ooooh, shallow, I love shallow – Yeah, shallow was good
because shallow water is where boats carried
small necessities like food. – Ooh food, I love food. – Right. And steamboats were
getting stuck in the water all the time, delaying the deliveries. Well, Montgomery applied
for a patent and it was– – Rejected? – Yes, rejected, because he was a slave. So his Master who happened
to be Joseph Davis, Jefferson Davis’ brother. – Okay, weird coincidence – Applied to patent it and that was also– – Rejected – Why are you so excited? – I love life! – Yes, it was rejected
because he didn’t invent it. But that’s okay because Montgomery started selling it anyway. – Bold move man. – Joseph Davis had this
deal with his slaves, where they could work for
themselves and keep the cash if they paid him for the time they would have spent in his fields. – Uh, thanks? – So Montgomery sold his propellers, giving a lions share to his owner until after the Civil
War when he was free. – Take that Davis brothers – And then he sold it for himself, still without patent protection, and was able to amass a sizable fortune. – Go Ben, it’s your birthday– – That’s not a thing anymore Azie. – Oh, I think it is. – Back to me I got one more. Benjamin Bradley. Do we have time? – Anything for a Benjamin – Born a slave in 1830, this
Benjamin, not unlike the other, had a natural skill and
curiosity toward math which he learned secretly
from his master’s kids. – Aw, those kids were bad. – Sometimes being bad is good. His master rented him
out as an office worker to the Department of Natural
and Experimental Philosophy at the Naval Academy
in Annapolis, Maryland. – Uh, I’m sorry, what? – He was essentially an
employee of the Naval Academy but his pay went to his master. – Oh, that sucks – Well, slavery. Professors at the
academy were so impressed with his scientific
mind that they made him an assistant in the science department. There, Bradley developed the first model of the steam engine for a warship. – War, what is it good for? – Making bank. Of course he couldn’t patent the engine ’cause he was a slave,
but he sold it anyway. – Like Benjamins all want to do. – And the money from the sales allowed him to purchase his freedom. – Well, he earned it – Freedom isn’t earned
Azie, everyone is born free. – You are so wise, Ev – I know right? – Hi Nadia, thanks for talking to us. – Hi, thanks for having me – So, how difficult is
it to obtain a patent and why do they even matter? – So, it’s very difficult to obtain a patent, simply
because there’s not really any data collected once
you’re applying for a patent. So, while that may seem like
that makes for a fair process, unfortunately it doesn’t allow
for public policy or analysts or anyone to really
understand who are creating these patents and how are we attracting more diverse applicants,
as well as how we make opportunities for there to
be a diverse pool of people participating in the
patent making economy. So, as we stand today there
are about an estimated eight trillion dollars being
made from the US Patent economy and so that’s about one
third of the US GDP. So that alone breaks down how
important patent making is not only to you know,
America being progressive or the United States being the forefront of innovation but also in
terms of impacting our economy. – So we figured out that
black people had to navigate a difficult patent system
throughout history. How does that affect
the US as a whole today? – This system now contributes
greatly to our US economy. Not only in money making but
also in terms of providing a substantial amount of job opportunities. So about 27 million jobs
indirectly come from IP intensive industries. And then if you break those
numbers down even further, you see that about 30% of
all employment in the US actually comes from the patent economy. So it’s very important
that the US makes sure that there is an opportunity
for everyone to participate in this so that way,
again, we are staying ahead in terms of innovation. – So who are some of your
current faves out here inventing? – Lonnie Johnson who invented the Super Soaker water gun. I think we’ve all played
with one of those. As a kid they were really
great devices to keep you cool. And then you have Bishop Curry,
at 10 years old who invented a device that helped preventing infants from dying in hot cars,
when cars get too warm. I thought that was, I was in awe of that. I remember always ranting and
raving about Madam C.J. Walker who created the first
successful hair care products for African American women. – Thanks Nadia, bye. – No problem, let me know
if you need anything else. – [Evelyn] What invention are
you waiting to come along? How would it help you? – I like that thing in Star
Trek where you just type in what food you want and
then it just comes out. – I’m thinking more like a device that will de-tangle your hair for you. – Oh no, that’s amazing. – I’m saying. – Well, that’s all we got today – Wait, no Benjamin Banneker? – No time – Benjamin Franklin? – He was white. – What? – Subscribe, follow, social media, etc. We owe a lot to black
inventors and so instead of our usual credits,
we’d like to offer them the credit they so often did not receive. Roll em. (music) – Thanks Jim Oh my God, I love Super Soakers, yas. – All right, this is getting ridiculous. – Cell phone technology. Oh my God, take a nap black people. Stop this being prolific stuff. – Ambitious – Okay, black people.

100 thoughts on “Black People Made That! Intellectual Property and US Patents

  1. Please do a scrolling video on all those black inventors. Would be a great online reference.

  2. I love yโ€™all ๐Ÿ–ค

  3. I'd like to recommend "The Manuscripts of Timbuktu" which is a film available on Kanopy: https://www.kanopy.com/ (you gain access through your local public or university library). The film explores Africa's intellectual legacy.

  4. Btw, thank's for this!

  5. I like you guys

  6. LMFAO ๐Ÿ˜‚ ๐Ÿ˜‚ I probably shouldn't have laughed but the way she say "Slavery!" Had me crack up.

  7. Words cannot desclibe how much I love your content โ™ฅ๏ธโ™ฅ๏ธโ™ฅ๏ธ๐Ÿค—

  8. Yโ€™all forgot about Benjamin Banneker! Itโ€™s said that the majority of Benjamin Franklin inventions are truly his.

  9. Wow! Iโ€™m glad I happened to stumbled across this YouTube page! This a great and entertaining resource for Black History Facts! Iโ€™ll definitely be sharing it with my friends who are teachers! And if I ever have children I will be allowing them to watch this page. Itโ€™s imperative that we teach the youth about African American history because most of the schools teach limited information, incorrect information (like the predominantly Caucasian school that had the textbooks teaching the kids that African Americans came over as indentured servants instead of slaves), and some schools donโ€™t teach it at all ๐Ÿคฆ๐Ÿฝโ€โ™€๏ธ

  10. A 10 years create the baby chair ๐Ÿ˜ฎ๐Ÿ˜ฎ๐Ÿ˜ฎ๐Ÿ˜ฎ

  11. 199th comment and…

  12. And 200th I wish I could have a scanner to tell me who invented what

  13. I love your videos so much!!!! So informative and very creative. Keep going girls!

  14. EXCELLENT Ladies!!

  15. History is only written by the winners

  16. I use your videos as part of our homeschool day for my 6 year old. We watch 1 a week we discuss it and she answers questions. We also use Latino poets as part of our curriculum.
    Thank you for such a great, well researched video!

  17. โ€œItโ€™s not about slaveryโ€
    โ€œThank godโ€
    ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚

  18. So slavery give these inventors the opportunity to invent their inventions.

  19. New sub here, I love you guys channel breath of fresh air, intellectual and entertaining. I'm putting my daughter up on this channel. Thank you sisters!

  20. Am I the only one who sat here and read all of the inventions at the end

  21. Could you put sources in your description in the future. I enjoy these kinds of videos and a part of that is being able to click on sources and dive deeper into the subject following a video.

  22. some things were inaccurate but overall good video!

  23. This is why so many black Americans say reparations are in order. Never having been given credit or payment for the actual work their ancestors did placed future generations at a great disadvantage. Yet we rarely given credit for the building of this country.

  24. โ€œHe was white.โ€ I love yโ€™all! Thanks for these wonderful shows!

  25. 5:52 When she said, "Hi Nadia… " my actual heart jumped, lol.

  26. These videos are amazing! So interesting and broken down in such a great way, understandable, straightforward, but enough information to make great points, and enough to spark my interest in looking up more information about some of these topics.

  27. Great video. Another reason why african-americans are owed reparations. LOOK AT THESE INVENTIONS!!!

  28. Wow, you girls are great, and beautiful. Keep up the good work.

  29. Love ur channel โค๏ธโค๏ธโค๏ธ

  30. Completely off topic, but does anyone know of the artist who painted the top mountain scene on the wall in the beginning of the video?

  31. This channel is growing on me ๐Ÿ˜ I think I liiiiike it ๐Ÿ™ƒ lemme subscribe ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿพ

  32. ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜

  33. I recognize that Addy (American Girl doll) bed anywhere!

  34. Donโ€™t forget America… we made that too.

  35. Ooohhhh!!! Could you do an episode on black medical innovation? Inventions, treatments, studies, breakthroughs, contributions, procedures, etc. (In my perfect world, there'd be a whole museum devoted to medical innovation from minorities.)

  36. The other black/ African American 15 year olds I know are cussing people out or doing stupid things while Iโ€™m over here binge watching these videos because I genuinely love them

  37. Telaporter- I spend so much freaking time in transit

  38. I have an invention but I'm scared to patent it.

  39. I laughed pretty loudly with the โ€œka-Blackโ€ comment. Thank you

  40. Where do we get that list of inventors from the credits? ๐Ÿ˜€

  41. I would love to see another item from Star Trek, sonic showers: step in, turn it on, one second and youโ€™re clean. Also better for the skin because water actually dries out skin.

  42. I bet black women invented stuff too.

  43. I wonder how many things invented by black people are fully credited to whites because a white person stole it and took credit and no one ever caught them….

  44. "And that was also –"
    "REJECTEEEEED! ๐ŸŽŠ"
    "Why are you so excited??"
    "I love life."
    Fantastic ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚

  45. You ladies are on point with your knowledge!!!!!

  46. I stand all this content. I hope all of this is being shown in schools!

  47. Although they are the people of tomorrow sub-saharan African types were only around 11 percent of the US population throughout most of its history as a republic. Caucasian types made way more if the US pop. It is a fact.

  48. "slavery!" ๐Ÿ˜ณ๐Ÿ˜†๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿคฃ

  49. A patent is useless if you cannot afford to defend it against large companies trying to steal it.

  50. Would love a link to the credits list. Awesome vid. Well done!

  51. When African slaves where stolen, they did not steal slaves, they bought scientist, midwives, teachers, and doctors, and made them slaves.

  52. And I'm really disappointed that you did not mention Marie Van Brittan Brown.

  53. What were beds like before he invented the corded bed frame, I wonder!

  54. I want a device that will take braids out and put them in!

    I also want a device dresses you and does makeup like the jetsons

  55. You ladies are amazing!!!!!

  56. This is quickly becoming one of my favorite youtube channels. Super informative and entertaining while still covering deep and serious topics.

  57. Ya'll showed up in my recommended and now I've been binge watching you guys all day lol love your channel, informative and funny ๐Ÿ™‚

  58. Azie!

  59. Are there any charities or foundations that help entrepreneurs with the patent application fees?

  60. Where do you guys get all your info from? Unbelievable

  61. As a Young Black Mechanical Engineer I deeply appreciate this video. ๐Ÿ™Œ๐Ÿฟ๐Ÿ™Œ๐Ÿฟ๐Ÿ™Œ๐Ÿฟ๐Ÿ™Œ๐Ÿฟ thank you for making this video

  62. I've always felt like a stranger in my own skin. I'm biracial, but I live with two Caucasians. I have light skin, brown eyes, and dark brown kinky hair. And even though I'm biracial no one sees me as anything but Caucasian. I have ended so many friendships because people have said offensive things, not thinking if i could be anything other than Caucasian.

  63. Black people also invented slavery and were the leaders of it for thousands of years! Number 1!

  64. This now actually has me questioning if "Ford" really did invent the "First Automobile"? Wonder if it was someone else under his "Iron Thumb" the entire time! I think this stuff really does need to start being put into school text books as well. No more lying to kids please and this might helping to start curbing serious schoolyard bullying as well!

  65. More black invention myths.

  66. a robot to keep my room tidy and organized would be a nice invention ๐Ÿ™‚

  67. MASTERS OF INVENTION IS ALSO A GREAT BLACK HISTORY DOCUMENTARY ABOUT MEN AN WOMEN THAT CREATED THINGS THE DOCUMENTARY IS ON YOUTUBE ENJOY๐Ÿ’š๐Ÿ’š

  68. Ok, we get it, black people feel like Palestinians, etc. What about poor people, are they treated fairly and equally with an invention? What's $10,000, $20,000, or $30,000 worth to someone? Replicator (thingie that makes food for you); real world, 3D-Printer and Soda Machine, probably.

  69. Our people where and are not equal. Our people are greater.

  70. New subscriber

  71. 4:44 I havenโ€™t seen that dance in years. Feel a little old now and Iโ€™m still young… ๐Ÿ˜‚

  72. Thank you ladies!

  73. That "I love life!" line just caused me to have a crush on Azie. <3

  74. Unfortunately for this tale – all people are not born free. Even someone who is not a slave is still not free as they are controlled by their parents. In fact, one could go so far as to state that humans are not born free as they cannot support or take care of themselves,

  75. I just came across your web show today this is my third episode
    I want to say thank you is very informative while being entertaining. I am proud of your success and hope you continue to grow.
    And I've shared this with my children one love ladies

  76. George Washington Carver didn't make this list? He was a more important scientist/inventor than all these people.

  77. Thanks for all that information my beautiful queens…๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿฟ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿฟ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿฟ

  78. About time ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜

  79. Uh…. thanks ๐Ÿค”๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ’€๐Ÿ’€๐Ÿ’€

  80. Always stoked about these videos.

  81. You guys are great btw. ๐Ÿ˜Œ

  82. the bed was invented a couple hundred years ago? wait, what?

  83. Would you ever do an episode on black folks history in medicine? I was reading about Vivien Thomas the "assistant" to the first heart surgeon. His expertise was so great that during the first operation he stood on a step behind Blalok (the white doctor who employed him) and coached them through the procedure which he developed. All whilst being technically employed as a janitor.

  84. George Washington Carver. He invented the use of legumes as a way to revitalize the soil after depletion from growing cotton. He was a black man. Herewith is the Wikipedia link about him: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Washington_Carver

  85. What a great job of combining three very different information-sharing techniques: the playful "dramatization," the fact sharing, and the interview. Beautiful work. And I think I'm getting hooked on your channel. Off to hit the "subscribe" button…

  86. Great Video: Black People invented Everything computers cell phone the internet!!!((Great Video:Are We Black People? Taj Tarik Bey VS Edward X Debate 2019)

  87. Great Video:Are We Black People?Taj Tarik Bey VS Edward X Debate 2019((this video will let you know who the real black people are and it's not the so-called black people!! You will be surprised get your popcorn!!!((Great Video:Dr. Nailah Inanna EL Grand Sheik-Taj Tarik Bey Discuss Various Topics))this video will let you know how the European colonizers immigrants squatters stole identity and our birthright!! Is called birthright theft!! Europeans colonizing immigrants squatters are not Americans they are immigrants!!!!!(((Great Video: Ellis Island-History of IMMIGRATION to the United States/1890-1920?Award Winning documentary))((Great Video: Forgotten Ellis island))((Great Video:1800 Child Labor in United States))((Great Video:All Original slaves were White 100%)((Great Video: Victorian Crime and Punishment))((Great Book to READ:: White Cargo))((Great Video: Reparations with Truth Walker and Grand Sheik-Taj Tarik Bey)))

  88. Can we talk about how black women invented rock and roll, NOT Elvis Presley ๐Ÿ™„

  89. 0:46, 2:41, 5:16 (incl Azie's look), 8:46 Too funny.

  90. i haven't even watched this video yet and I know it's going to open my eyes. I did however just spend a whole 5 minutes watching the charity:water ad before the video and damn, they got me!

  91. This rope bed invented in the 1800s. Was it the same as the rope bed mentioned in the ancient Greek writing, The Odyssey, about three thousand years before?

  92. I'm neither black nor American but I love watching your videos. They are a good balance of fun and information and they are so well-produced! Can't wait for new ones

  93. Prolific (should be a word on POSE)

  94. sooooo azie is waiting for vending machines to be invented?

  95. I really enjoyed this video!

  96. The US Patent Office is to date taking our inventions using tactics a lies tricks and fake rules and avioding the truth of who created the concepts I know i am a me too person when it comes to inventions taken and is my son

  97. 8 trillion dollar market literally this market dwarves entire countries GDP and not the poor ones, like most OECD countries.

  98. I want a device that can just turn off your period for ever and ever with no health consequences.

  99. I got mixed feelings about this. History deserves to be remembered and I love that you guys are helping to get that out there. At the same time I don't think its good to take pride in the accomplishments of others just because they are they same race. How would you feel about white people doing that? Would you also like to be shamed for bad things people do if they are the same race? Racial pride is a double edged sword and is ultimately counter preductive if what you want is to be treated as an individual.

  100. but why not in africa? how much of this is actually true ?

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